What racial/ethnic disparities were reported regarding antidote use in ED patients?
Black patients had 48% lower odds and Hispanic patients had 25% lower odds of receiving any antidote compared to non-Hispanic White patients. An analysis of a prospective cohort of patients presenting to two urban tertiary care hospitals identified over 2000 patients presenting between 2009-2014 for acute overdose. Activated charcoal administration within one hour of ingestion was also evaluated but was not statistically significant.
Wilder ME, et al. Racial disparities in the treatment of acute overdose in the emergency department. Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2018;56(12):1173-1178. DOI: 10.1080/15563650.2018.1478425