Identify this snake. Where does it call home and what toxicity is associated with it?
This is a bump-nosed pit viper (Hypnale Hypnale). It is native to Sri Lanka and India. It is responsible for the majority of venemous snake bites in Sri Lanka and “The venom can lead to two types of effects: acute and long-term. Acutely, bites often result in local symptoms, with less common systemic effects such as acute kidney injury, venom-induced consumption coagulopathy, and thrombotic microangiopathy.”
10.M. M. K. Namal Rathnayaka, P. E. Anusha Nishanthi Ranathunga & S. A. M. Kularatne (2023) Long-term health manifestations of hump-nosed pit viper (Genus: Hypnale) bites, Clinical Toxicology, DOI: 10.1080/15563650.2023.2265549